Phytochemical investigation and in vitro antioxidant activity of an indigenous medicinal plant Alpinia nigra B.L. Burtt
Objective: To investigate antioxidant potential of methanol extract of Alpinia nigra leaves. Methods: The study was done by using various in vitro methods such as 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging assays. Phytochemical constituents, total phenolic content and total flavonoid content of the extract at different concentrations (10-500 µg/ mL) were determined. Results: Alpinia nigra leaves showed high free radical scavenging activity as evidenced by the low IC50 values in DPPH (64.51 µg/mL), in ABTS (28.32 µg/mL), in nitric oxide (80.02 µg/mL) and in H2O2 (77.45 µg/mL) scavenging assays. Furthermore the TPC and TFC of the extract were found to be 69.25 mg gallic acid equivalent per gram of extract and 78.84 mg quercetin equivalent per gram of extract respectively. Conclusions: The results of present comprehensive analysis demonstrated that Alpinia nigra leaves possess high phenolic, flavonoid contents and potential antioxidant activity, and could be used as a viable source of natural antioxidants and might be exploited for functional foods and neutraceutical applications.
Supported by DST-INSPIRE division, New Delhi (Grant No: 100/ IFD/10684/2010-2011 dated 10.01.2011).
Suprava Sahoo, Goutam Ghosh, Debajyoti Das, Sanghamitra Nayak. Phytochemical investigation and in vitro antioxidant activity of an indigenous medicinal plant Alpinia nigra B. L. Burtt. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2013; 3(11): 871-876.