Objective: To study the value of serum Fractalkine and Vaspin contents for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease and the correlation with cardiac function and myocardial injury. Methods: 80 patients with coronary heart disease were divided into stable angina pectoris group (n=45) and unstable angina pectoris group (n=35) according to the clinical seizure characteristics and signs. 50 subjects with normal cardiac function who received physical examination in the hospital over the same period were selected as the normal control group. The serum Fractalkine and Vaspin contents, cardiac function parameter levels under ultrasonic cardiogram and serum myocardial enzyme spectrum contents of each group were detected. Pearson test was used to further assess the inner link of serum Fractalkine and Vaspin contents with disease severity in patients with coronary heart disease. Results:Serum Fractalkine contents of stable angina pectoris group and unstable angina pectoris group were higher than that of normal control group while Vaspin contents were lower than that of normal control group, and serum Fractalkine content increased while Vaspin content decreased with the aggravation of angina pectoris (P<0.05). Cardiac function parameters LVEDD, LVEDV, LVESD and LVESV levels of stable angina pectoris group and unstable angina pectoris group were higher than those of normal control group, serum myocardial enzyme spectrum indexes CK, CK-MB, LDH, AST and ALT contents were higher than those of normal control group, and the levels of above indexes increased with the aggravation of angina pectoris (P<0.05). Serum Fractalkine content in patients with coronary heart disease was positively correlated with the decrease of cardiac function and the degree of myocardial injury while Vaspin content was negatively correlated with the decrease of cardiac function and the degree of myocardial injury. Conclusion: Serum Fractalkine and Vaspin contents are abnormal in patients with coronary heart disease, and the abnormal degree is directly related to the cardiac function and myocardial injury.